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Home > Appliances > How to Fix Your Electric Oven

How to Fix Your Electric Oven

By Karin Mangan
How to Fix Your Electric Oven

If your electric oven stops working properly, you might think you need to call a professional repairperson. But you might be able to fix it yourself. Electric ovens are simple appliances and repair is usually just a matter of replacing faulty parts, cleaning, or adjusting.

Fixing an Electric Oven

  • Check the fuse. Because the appliance is electric, the problem could simply be that the fuse has blown. Before you begin to look into other possibilities, either reset the circuit breaker, if the appliance is fitted with one, or replace the fuse.
  • Check the elements. The most common problem that affects electric ovens, other than a blown fuse, is a fault with the heating elements.Turn on the oven to each of its settings and look at the elements. They should turn bright orange as they heat up and be free from visible damage. If the elements appear to be functioning properly, use a volt/ohm meter (VOM) to identify the faulty element by connecting it to each one in turn. If the meter reading is above 30 ohms, the element is faulty.
  • Check the terminals. If all of the elements appear to be functioning properly, check that the terminals are clean and tightly connected.
  • Replace an element. If you identify an element as faulty, you need to replace it. To remove the faulty element, remove the retaining shield, disconnect the screws that hold it in place, and unscrew the element from the brackets that hold it in place. Pull the element forward and disconnect the wiring. Use masking tape to wrap each wire after it is disconnected and label the wires to make it easier to connect the new element.Get a replacement element that is designed for the make of oven you have. Take the old element to the hardware store to ensure you get an appropriate replacement. Connect the new element, following the steps you used to remove it, only in the reverse order.
  • Check the thermostat. Another common problem that affects electric ovens is a faulty thermostat. If the elements are functioning properly, you may need to adjust the thermostat. Set the oven temperature and place an oven thermometer inside the oven. After about 30 minutes, compare the thermostat thermometer readings. If the thermometer has a lower reading than the oven setting, you need to adjust the thermostat.
  • Adjust the thermostat. The oven thermostat has an adjustment screw. Locate the screw and turn it in the appropriate direction, as indicated on the device, to increase or decrease the temperature of the oven.

If you have checked the fuse, elements, and thermostat, and you can't identify the problem, it is probably time to call a professional or replace the oven.

 

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